Trump seeks special master to review Mar-a-Lago documents – World News

Lawyers for former President Donald Trump asked a federal judge Monday to prevent the FBI from continuing to review documents recovered from his Florida estate earlier this month until a neutral special master can be appointed to inspect the records.

The request was included in a court filing, the first by Trump’s legal team in the two weeks since the search, that takes broad aim at the FBI investigation into the discovery of classified records at Mar-a-Lago and that foreshadows arguments his lawyers are Expected to make as the probe proceeds.

The filing casts the Aug. 8 search, in which the FBI said it recovered 11 sets of classified documents, as a “shockingly aggressive move” and describes Trump and his representatives as having cooperated for months as federal agents scrutinized the presence of presidential records and classified documents at Mar-a-Lago. It also attacks the warrant as overly broad.

“Law enforcement is a shield that protects America. It cannot be used as a weapon for political purposes,” the lawyers wrote Monday. “Therefore, we seek judicial assistance in the aftermath of an unprecedented and unnecessary raid” at Mar-a-Lago.

The filing specifically requests the appointment of a special master not connected the case who would be tasked with inspecting the records recovered from Mar-a-Lago and setting aside those that are covered by executive privilege – a principle that permits presidents to withhold certain communications from public disclosure. In other cases, that role has sometimes been filled by a retired judge.

“This matter has captured the attention of the American public. Merely ‘adequate’ safeguards are not acceptable when the matter at hand involves not only the constitutional rights of President Trump, but also the presumption of executive privilege, ”the attorneys wrote.

Separately Monday, a federal judge acknowledged that redactions to an FBI affidavit spelling out the basis for the search might be so extensive as to make the document “meaningless” if released to the public. But he said he continued to believe it should not remain sealed in its entirety because of the “intense” public interest in the investigation.

A written order from US Magistrate Judge Bruce Reinhart largely restates what he said in court last week, when he directed the Justice Department to propose redactions about the information in the affidavit that it wants to remain secret. That submission is due Thursday at noon.

Justice Department officials have sought to keep the entire document sealed, saying disclosing any portion of it risks compromising an ongoing criminal investigation, revealing information about witnesses and divulging investigative techniques. They have advised the judge that the necessary redactions to the affidavit would be so numerous that they would strip the document of any substantive information and make it effectively meaningless for the public.

Reinhart acknowledged that possibility in his Monday order, writing, “I cannot say at this point that partial redactions will be so extensive that they will result in a meaningless disclosure, but I may ultimately reach that conclusion after hearing further from the Government.”

Several news organizations, including The Associated Press, have urged the judge to unseal additional records tied to this month’s search of Mar-A-Lago, when FBI officials said they recovered 11 sets of classified documents, including top secret records, from the Florida estate .

Of particular interest is the affidavit supporting the search, which presumably contains key details about the Justice Department’s investigation examining whether Trump retained and mishandled classified and sensitive government records. Trump and some of his supporters of him have also called for the document to be released, hoping it will expose what they contend was government overreach.

In his written ruling, Reinhart said the Justice Department had a compelling interest in preventing the affidavit from being released in its entirety. But he said he did not believe it should remain fully sealed, and said he was not persuaded by the department’s arguments that the redaction process “imposes an undue burden on its resources.”

“Particularly given the intense public and historical interest in an unprecedented search of a former President’s residence, the Government has not yet shown that these administrative concerns are sufficient to justify sealing,” he wrote.

Sanca pushes for world record recognition

When the race began, Ruben Sanca was focused on Guinness.

Not the beer, although considering he was about to sprint in 82-degree heat that wouldn’t have been a bad plan.

No, the 35-year-old Salisbury resident pushed himself to the limit in an attempt to set a Guinness World Records mark for the fastest mile by a person pushing a stroller.

Unofficially, Sanca, who pushed his 5-year-old son, Greyson, set a world record Aug. 7 at the 30th annual High Street Mile in Newburyport, though Guinness officials won’t rule for weeks whether his time of 4 minutes, 32.2 seconds will be recognized as such. The recognized record of 4: 41.83 was set on a track by a California man pushing his daughter di lui on March 8.

Sanca roared down High Street, gripping the stroller with his right hand, his arm straining and his legs pumping.

Ruben Sanca, shown with his son, Greyson, may have set a world record for the fastest mile while pushing a stroller.  (Ruben Sanca photo)
Ruben Sanca, shown with his son, Greyson, may have set a world record for the fastest mile while pushing a stroller. (Ruben Sanca photo)

“I’m competitive,” said Sanca, a four-time All-American at UMass Lowell who graduated in 2009. “But I knew it was going to be very hard. During the race when I got about the halfway point, I was I like, I think we can run in about 4:20. But then I felt a little tweak in my left quad. That definitely changed my stride a little bit. I wasn’t able to kick as hard in the last quarter-mile. “

Running a sub-five minute mile is elite. Add in the fact that he had to push the helmet-wearing Greyson, who is tall for his age di lui and weighs 55 pounds, and Sanca’s run through Newburyport on that sweltering morning is another level of impressive. One more thing: The stroller weighs 25 pounds.

Sanca, who had his run videotaped by a friend, submitted the details and video to Guinness, headquartered in London.

“It was kind of like a fun thing for us as a family,” he said. “I knew about the record, but for me it wasn’t like if I didn’t break it I wouldn’t feel bad about it. It was kind of a little challenge. I didn’t think anything big of it. “

Even though the previous record was set on a track, Sanca believes his record should be recognized. If it isn’t, look for Sanca and Greyson to make a second world record attempt, this time on a track.

Greyson wasn’t awed by their fifth-place finish.

Ruben Sanca and his son, Greyson, are waiting to hear if they set a Guinness World Record for the fastest mile while pushing a stroller.  (Ruben Sanca photo)
Ruben Sanca and his son, Greyson, are waiting to hear if they set a Guinness World Record for the fastest mile while pushing a stroller. (Ruben Sanca photo)

“He said, ‘But we didn’t win.’ I think now he gets it. It’s starting to sink in, ”Sanca said.

After his achievement, Sanca received plenty of praise, particularly from women inspired by his decision to race while pushing a stroller.

“It was probably one of the hottest races I’ve ever done,” he said. “It was so hot. I’m just happy that people have found the story to be inspiring and motivating. “

Sanca did not grow up a runner. Far from it. A native of Cape Verde, he experienced asthma attacks “all the time” as a kid. His breathing issues became less of a hurdle not long after his family moved to Boston when he was 12. Sanca, who lived in Dorchester and Roxbury, attended John D. O’Bryant High School, where he caught the attention of UMass Lowell cross country and track coach Gary Gardner.

Sanca became one of the great runners in program history under Gardner, winning three New England individual titles. In 2012, he represented Cape Verde in the 5,000-meter run at the Olympics in London, though an injury which later resulted in knee surgery hampered his race. He felt fortunate just to finish his heat.

Sanca and his wife, Lauren, live with Greyson a couple of miles from the Atlantic Ocean. He first started pushing Greyson on runs to get him to take a nap. As Greyson got older, Sanca wanted his son di lui to enjoy the outdoors. Soon they were going on 10-mile training runs together.

“Go faster! Go faster! ” Greyson would yell from inside the stroller.

Dad obliged. In April, Sanca made a spur-of-the-moment decision to enter a four-mile race near his home by him in Salisbury with Greyson. There was no time to stretch or warm up. When the race ended, Sanca was stunned to learn their pace di lui was 5:27 per mile.

“Then I said, ‘I wonder what I could do if I were a little bit better prepared?’ He said.

He signed up for a 5K race in Salisbury and the Sancas were comfortably in the lead – until they took a wrong turn and had to settle for fourth place.

Sanca works for his alma mater, serving as the director of Student Life & Well Being at UMass Lowell. Being active is important to him, but he may have to wait for two months to hear whether he and Greyson’s magical stroll is recognized as a world record.

Who knows? Maybe if he receives good news he’ll crack open a beer to celebrate. A Guinness, of course.

86kg 2022 World Championships Preview: All Road Go Through Yazdani & Taylor

World and Olympic champion David Taylor will represent the United States at 86kg at the world championships and will wrestle on September 15-16 in Belgrade, Serbia. Check out the full preview below to get to know the 86kg field better and find out who the biggest challengers will be to Taylor at Worlds.

2022 Senior World Championships

The top 8 wrestlers will be seeded at the world championships based on points accumulated at rankings events since the Tokyo Olympics. Of all the weights, the seeds at 86kg are the truest in representing the weight’s top wrestlers.

Projected Seeds

  1. Hassan Yazdani, IRI
  2. David Taylor, USA
  3. Myles Amine, SMR
  4. Abubakr Abakarov, AZE
  5. Boris Makoev, SVK
  6. Azamat Dauletbeekov, KAZ
  7. Osman Gocen, TUR
  8. Akhmed Aibuev, FRA


The best wrestlers in the field:

  • Hassan Yazdani, IRI
  • David Taylor, USA

Since 2017, every world or Olympic gold medal at 86kg was won by either Hassan Yazdani or David Taylor. Yazdani won world titles in 2017, 2019, and 2021 while Taylor won world gold in 2018 and Olympic gold in 2021. Yazdani and Taylor’s rivalry might be the greatest in all of wrestling right now and we’re likely to see a rematch in this year’s world finals.

Taylor owned the first three matches against Yazdani winning at the 2017 world cup, 2018 world championships, and Tokyo Olympics. While Taylor came out on top each time, every match was a back-and-forth battle with one or two exchanges being the difference in the outcome. In fact, in all three of Taylor’s wins, Yazdani had built a lead in the first period before Taylor was able to chase him down in the second period. Most of their matches have been a “tale of 2 periods” with Yazdani outscoring Taylor by a combined 12-4 in the first period, but Taylor outscoring Yazdani by a combined 21-6 in the second period. Taylor clearly used his pace to wear Yazdani down to get the win in the first 3 matches.

Taylor’s win over Yazdani at the 2018 World Championships:

Taylor’s win over Yazdani in the Olympic Finals:

Last year, Yazdani finally got his revenge in the 2021 world finals where he beat Taylor 6-2. In that match, Yazdani built a 2-0 lead at the break and for the first time in their series, he was able to outscore Taylor in the second period. Does that mean Yazdani has cracked the code and figured out how to beat Taylor? Or will Taylor get his revenge this year?

It can’t be overstated how far ahead Taylor and Yazdani are from the rest of the field at 86kg or how fierce their rivalry is. Should they meet again in the 2022 world finals, there are sure to be fireworks!

Yazdani’s win over Taylor in the 2021 world finals:


The group with the most potential to medal or challenge the favorites:

  • Myles Amine, SMR
  • Abubakr Abakarov, AZE
  • Boris Makoev, SVK
  • Azamat Dauletbekov, KAZ
  • Osman Gocen / Fatih Erdin, TUR

The next group of wrestlers at 86kg are all separated by the slimmest of margins. Leading the way in this group is Olympic bronze medalist Myles Amine. The 5-time All-American has established himself as the clear # 3 in this weight behind Taylor and Yazdani. On top of his Olympic medal, Amine won a European Championship this year and a Mediterranean Games title where he defeated world medalists Abubakr Abakarov and Fatih Erdin in the respective finals.

Likely meeting Amine in the quarter-finals will be Kazakhstan’s Azamat Dauletbekov. At last year’s worlds, Dauletbekov came up just short of a medal losing 3-0 to Artur Naifonov (RUS) in the bronze medal match. However, this year Dauletbekov has won both the Asain Championships in April and the Tunisian ranking series event in July proving he’s a medal threat in Serbia.

Dauletbekov’s win over Deepak Punia in the 2022 Asian Championship Finals:

Azerbaijan’s Abubakr Abakarov broke through at the world championships last year when he defeated Boris Makoev in the bronze medal match 9-6. Abakarov has had a fantastic year in 2022 winning the Matteo Pellicone, U23 European Championships, Dan Kolov, and placing 2nd at Euros. Abakarov will likely have to get by Makoev once again in the quarter-finals for a shot at a medal and a potential semi-final match against defending world champ Hassan Yazdani. As a 2017 world silver medalist, Makoev should not be counted out in the match against Abakarov and is equally capable of bringing home a medal from Serbia.

Abakarov’s win over Makoev in the 2021 world bronze medal match:

Turkey has two contenders at 86kg in Fatih Erdin and Osman Gocen. Erdin, a 2018 world silver medalist, is the more accomplished wrestler and defeated Gocen at Turkey’s national tournament last December. Despite the loss, Gocen represented Turkey at the 2022 European Championships where he came away with bronze losing only to Myles Amine (6-6). Erdin also lost to Amine in the finals of the Mediterranean Games (4-1) but defeated Dauletbekov at the ranking series tournament in Kazakhstan. Both Gocen and Erdin have the potential to medal at the world championships and will be dangerous competitors in this field.

Sleepers And Landmines

The group that isn’t projected to medal right now but has big potential to “blow up” the bracket:

  • Deepak Punia, IND
  • Bekzod Abdurakhmanov / Javrail Shapiev, UZB

Though he’s a past world silver medalist, Deepak Punia should be considered a major landmine in this bracket. First, he won’t be seeded but he will be randomly drawn into the bracket meaning he could knock off anyone not named David Taylor or Hassan Yazdani in the very first round. Punia has been a consistent medal threat at 86kg since 2019 but he’s also been wildly inconsistent, frequently dropping matches to uncredentialed opponents. Punia could make a deep run in this bracket or lose in the first round to one of the contenders. He’s a true wild card and will be interesting to watch this year at worlds.

Punia’s win in the 2022 Asian Semi-Finals:

Uzbekistan has two interesting contenders at 86kg in Javrail Shapiev and Bekzod Abdurakhmonov. After winning Olympic bronze at 74kg, Bekzod went up to 86 and won a bronze medal at the Yasar Dogu in February before failing to place at the ranking series tournament in June. There’s a chance we see him down at 79kg come worlds but that has yet to be announced. Shapiev is an interesting landmine in his own right after placing 5th at the Olympics where he lost only losing to Hassan Yazdani and Artur Naifonov.

Shapiev’s win in the 2021 Asian Championship finals:


The rematch is imminent – Round 5, David Taylor vs Hassan Yazdani. While there are many outstanding competitors in this bracket, it would be one of the biggest upsets of all time if either Taylor or Yazdani lose before the finals. Should they meet for gold, expect a hard-fought battle similar to their 2 matches last year at the Olympics and world championships. My prediction, David Taylor comes out on top and gets revenge from the 2021 world finals match. Whoever wins, the match should be absolutely incredible.

Gold: David Taylor, USA

Silver: Hassan Yazdani, IRI

Bronze: Myles Amine, SMR

Bronze: Abubakr Abakarov, AZE

Get to know the 86kg field even better by looking at our World Championships Rankings – a ranking of the top 10 guys in every weight class based on head-to-head wins.

Bethesda man nets world-record $ 4.5M prize in Ocean City fishing contest

It’s a good bet that Jeremy Duffie won’t ever have to lament the big one that got away – not after hooking a 77.5-pound white marlin that netted a world-record prize of more than $ 4.5 million.

Jeremy landed the marlin Friday morning while fishing with his family aboard the Billfishera boat that Jeremy’s brother Jon designed and built, as they competed in the 49th annual White Marlin Open in waters off Ocean City.

The largest billfish tournament in the world, which took place from last Monday to Friday, attracts hundreds of teams to Ocean City, dubbed the “White Marlin Capital of the World.”

Jeremy said his family has participated in the tournament since 1984, with Jeremy and Jon starting to compete competitively around 1996.

The early days of the week were slow for Jeremy, 44, and the others aboard the boat, and organizers said the tournament’s billfishing was “lousy” overall. No anglers brought a white marlin to the scales on the tournament’s first three days, according to organizers.

Captained by Jon, the family headed out to the water Friday morning just like they had done throughout the week. They caught a white marlin around 9 am but released the fish because it wasn’t big enough – by tournament rules, white marlins must weigh over 70 pounds to qualify for weigh-in.

Column: OB-GYN care in a post-Roe world

Content warning: This article contains mentions of sexual assault.




In May, Netflix debuted “Our Father,” a shocking documentary that took Twitter and TikTok by storm. The film highlighted the grave violation of autonomy and privacy by a fertility doctor who, without consent, inseminated patients with his own sperm.

The story brings to light a debate of male prevalence in female health care.

As the film quickly racked up 42.60 million viewing hours – making it one of 2022’s most popular Netflix documentaries thus far – it raised questions for viewers about who is occupying positions of power in reproductive health care settings.

It’s time to think critically about male prevalence in female health care, and how the standards of the industry should better reflect patient autonomy rather than the interests of practitioners and the legal frameworks they work within.

This film, and others like it, echos a trend in popular culture. Reproductive rights are an increasingly pressing topic of conversation, especially since the Supreme Court overturned the landmark Roe v. Wade ruling, leaving abortion regulations up to individual states and reducing access to care.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends seeing an OB-GYN for the first time between the ages of 13 and 15, and getting a pap smear for the first time after the age of 21. And sometimes, as college-age students seek care for the first time, men are the only practitioners available for patients to see.

Women are systematically disadvantaged in their influence in STEM industries, including medicine. For instance, less than a third of doctors are women while men dominate 37 of the 43 medical fields. And despite 41 percent of OB-GYN doctors being men, only 8 percent of patients who seek OB-GYN care prefer a male doctor, according to an article from the Dayton Daily News.

There are certainly benefits to having men in reproductive care spaces – and we want to be clear that everyone, regardless of gender identity, should have the opportunity to pursue career paths that focus on women’s health issues. Transgender and gender diverse patients in particular may benefit from the ability to choose a health care provider that they feel best suits their interests and identity.

But while these benefits exist, it’s still crucially important for women to have power in spaces that concern their health and safety.

Since Roe was overturned, those impacted by the decision have taken to social media to share how women should protect themselves. Viral tweets urge women to delete their period apps to avoid authorities potentially using fertility information against them. Other posts encourage women to not disclose the date of their last period to primary care providers. 2Flife-style% 2Fnews% 2F129098999% 2Fwhy-women-in-the-us-are-being-told-to-delete-their-period-tracking-apps

These fears are not unfounded. Patient privacy has been completely uprooted since women’s decisions regarding their reproductive health have become an unprotected right. And part of the fear of health care professionals taking advantage of patients stems from a lack of female providers.

In a world where people who can get pregnant are ever-so careful with their personal health information, we must turn to creating health care spaces that value the struggles women face, rather than uphold regressive legal precedents. In an industry that has potential to take advantage of women in vulnerable positions, patients must be able to discuss intimate health issues with providers who can identify with their concerns and who are also personally impacted by legislation limiting their privacy.

Health care professionals, including female practitioners, are not immune to their own beliefs and biases. But increasing the number of female professionals in a field that fundamentally impacts them is a step toward elevating their voices and needs.

The demographic of practitioners is changing. In 1970, seven percent of gynecologists were women, whereas now, they make up 59 percent of the profession. Women succeeding in these fields is indicative of important progress being made towards equality, both for the women giving and receiving care.

In a post-Roe world, the ongoing debate of men overseeing female care needs to shift to consider the protection of female patients. Men in these positions of power need to advocate for their patients and listen to the women in their fields.


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Author Salman Rushdie airlifted to hospital after attack onstage in New York state

Salman Rushdie, whose writing led to death threats from Iran in the 1980s, was attacked and apparently stabbed in the neck Friday by a man who rushed the stage as the author was about to give a lecture in western New York.

An Associated Press reporter witnessed a man confront Rushdie as he was being introduced onstage at the Chautauqua Institution and punch or stab him 10 to 15 times. The 75-year-old author fell to the floor, and the man was arrested.

Rushdie was taken by helicopter to a hospital, state police said, noting that he had suffered an apparent stab wound to the neck. His condition of him was not immediately known, though New York Gov. Kathy Hochul said later that he was alive and “getting the care he needs.”

His agent, Andrew Wylie, said the writer was undergoing surgery, but had no other details to add.

Event moderator Henry Reese, a co-founder of an organization that offers residencies to writers facing persecution, was also attacked and suffered a minor head injury, police said.

WATCH | New York Gov. Kathy Hochul gives update on Salman Rushdie’s status:

New York governor addresses Rushdie attack

New York Gov. Kathy Hochul provides a brief update on Salman Rushdie’s status after the novelist was attacked on stage prior to giving a speech.

Amid gasps, spectators were ushered out of the outdoor amphitheater. Rabbi Charles Savenor was among the roughly 2,500 people in the audience when the attack took place.

“This guy ran on to platform and started pounding on Mr. Rushdie. At first you’re like, ‘What’s going on?’ And then it became abundantly clear in a few seconds that he was being beaten. “

Savenor said the attack lasted about 20 seconds.

After the attack, Rushdie was quickly surrounded by a small group of people who held up his legs.

Another spectator, Kathleen Jones, said the attacker was dressed in black and wore a black mask.

“We thought perhaps it was part of a stunt to show that there’s still a lot of controversy around this author,” she said, noting it soon became evident that it was no stunt.

Blood stains mark a screen as author Salman Rushdie, behind screen, is tended to after he was attacked during a lecture on Friday at the Chautauqua Institution in Chautauqua, NY (Joshua Goodman / The Associated Press)

Rushdie, a prominent spokesperson for free expression and liberal causes, is a former president of nonprofit PEN America. The group said it was “reeling from shock and horror” at the attack.

“We can think of no comparable incident of a public violent attack on a literary writer on American soil,” CEO Suzanne Nossel said in a statement.

“Salman Rushdie has been targeted for his words for decades but has never flinched nor faltered.”

Death threats followed novel

Rushdie’s book The Satanic Verses, first published in 1988, was viewed as blasphemous by many Muslims. Often-violent protests against Rushdie erupted around the world, including a riot that killed 12 people in Mumbai.

The novel was banned in Iran, where the late leader Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a fatwa, or edict, calling for Rushdie’s death in 1989. Khomeini died that same year.

Iran’s current leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has never withdrawn the fatwa, though in recent years, Iran hasn’t focused on the writer.

Iran’s mission to the United Nations did not immediately respond to a request for comment on Friday’s attack.

A bounty of over $ 3 million US has also been offered for anyone who kills Rushdie.

Rushdie is seen posing with a copy of his book, Joseph Anton, in this photo taken in Berlin in October 2012. The title came from the pseudonym Rushdie had used while in hiding. (Johannes Eisele / AFP / Getty Images)

The death threats and bounty led Rushdie to go into hiding under a British government protection program, including a round-the-clock armed guard.

Rushdie emerged after nine years of seclusion and cautiously resumed more public appearances, maintaining his outspoken criticism of religious extremism overall.

He has said he is proud of his fight for freedom of expression, saying in a 2012 talk in New York that terrorism is really the art of fear.

“The only way you can defeat it is by deciding not to be afraid,” he said.

Fatwa still stands

Iran’s government has long since distanced itself from Khomeini’s decree, but anti-Rushdie sentiment has lingered.

The Index on Censorship, an organization promoting free expression, said money was raised to boost the reward for his killing as recently as 2016, underscoring the fact that the fatwa for his death still stands.

In 2012, Rushdie published a memoir about life under the fatwa, titled Joseph Antonwhich was the pseudonym Rushdie had used while in hiding.

WATCH | In 2012, Rushdie spoke to CBC about his life of him in hiding:

Acclaimed author revisits his decade in hiding, while under threat of death by religious extremists, in his new memoir Joseph Anton.

Though the author rose to prominence with his Booker Prize-winning 1981 novel Midnight’s Childrenhis name became known around the world after The Satanic Verses.

The Chautauqua Institution, about 90 kilometers southwest of Buffalo in a rural corner of New York, has served for more than a century as a place for reflection and spiritual guidance. Visitors don’t pass through metal detectors or undergo bag checks.

Police said a state trooper had been assigned to Rushdie’s lecture.

The Chautauqua center is known for its summertime lecture series, where Rushdie has spoken before.

Rushdie and Reese were set to discuss “the United States as asylum for writers and other artists in exile and as a home for freedom of creative expression.”

Global heating has caused ‘shocking’ changes in forests across the Americas, studies find | Climate crisis

Forests from the Arctic to the Amazon are transforming at a “shocking” rate due to the climate crisis, with trees advancing into previously barren tundra in the north while dying off from escalating heat farther south, scientists have found.

Global heating, along with changes in soils, wind and available nutrients, is rapidly changing the composition of forests, making them far less resilient and prone to diseases, according to a series of studies that have analyzed the health of trees in north and South America .

Many areas of forest are now becoming more susceptible to ferocious wildfires, causing the release of further greenhouse gases from these vast carbon stores that heat the planet even more. “It’s like humans have lit a match and we are now seeing the result of that,” said Roman Dial, a biologist at Alaska Pacific University.

Dial and his colleagues have discovered that a patch of white spruce trees in north-west Alaska have “hopped” north into an area of ​​the Arctic tundra that hasn’t had such trees in millennia. The scientists’ new research paper, published in Nature, estimates the spruce are advancing north at a rate of around 4km a decade, aided by warming temperatures and changes to snow and wind patterns influenced by the shrinkage of sea ice in the region.

“It was shocking to see trees there. No one knew about them but they were young and growing fast, “said Dial, who first spotted the shadows of the trees on satellite imagery and then took a single-engine plane journey, followed by a five-day hike, to find and study the advancing forest.

“The trees basically hopped over the mountains into the tundra. Going by climate models, this wasn’t supposed to happen for a hundred years or more. And yet it’s happening now. “

The Arctic is heating up several times faster than the global average and the emergence of dark conifers on previously pristine white tundra threatens to absorb, rather than reflect, more sunlight, causing further heating. The trees may also disturb the migration of various local species. “These trees are moving very quickly,” said Dial.

Farther south, separate research has found a transformation is under way at the boundary between the boreal and temperate forests, with species of spruce and fir increasingly unable to cope with the hotter conditions. Scientists estimate that even small amounts of further heating, caused by human activity, could cause up to a 50% die-off of traditional boreal forest trees in certain places, with many other trees becoming stunted in their growth.

“Boreal species do very poorly even with modest warming. They grow more slowly and have greater mortality, ”said Peter Reich, a researcher at the University of Minnesota who co-authored the research. “Intuitively, I thought they would do slightly worse with 1.5C of warming, but they do much worse, which is worrisome.”

Reich and his colleagues spent five years raising nine different tree species from seedlings under different conditions in northern Minnesota, subjecting them to different amounts of heat and water. The boreal species were found to have suffered when soils dried out due to the heat while other more temperate species, such as oak and maple, were able to cope better and may be able to slowly shift into the boreal zone as the world warms further.

“Given how fast climate change is, we could get a 50 to 150 year period where spruce and fir over thousands of miles, including from Siberia to Scandinavia, don’t regenerate, so you’ll have this strange new system of invasive shrubs that won’t provide us with the economic and ecological services we are used to, ”Reich said.

The impact of the climate crisis is also being felt in the heart of the Amazon, a further study has underlined. Scientists have raised concerns that the huge rainforest ecosystem is in danger of tipping into a new, altered state, eventually becoming a savannah, and the new research found that a lack of phosphorus in the Amazon’s soils could have “major implications” for its resilience to global heating.